Down to Earth: Territorial Approach to Climate Change (TACC)
Low-emissions and climate-resilient development at sub-national level
TACC is the outcome of a partnership between UNDP, UNEP and eight key networks of sub-national governments involving over 1,000 Regions. Recognizing that 50-80% of GHG emissions reductions and the bulk of adaptation efforts will depend on decisions taken at the sub-national level, the TACC partnership aims to empower sub-national governments to lead the global fight against climate change.
"While central governments set policy directions much of the innovative thinking and action will come from the sub-national level", Yvo de Boer, UNFCCC Executive Secretary, at the 2nd Governors' Global Climate Summit -Los Angeles, 2009
Down to Earth: TACC is the outcome of a partnership between UNDP, UNDP and eight key networks of sub-national governments involving over 1,000 regions
UNDP enhances the capacity of sub-national governments to formulate, finance and implement low carbon and climate resilient strategies, in a manner that catalyses an array of financing sources and delivers long term results.
A key challenge when addressing human development in a changing climate is to identify ways to mobilize a variety of and sufficient resources at scale to address the transition to a low-emission and climate-resilient economy, while ensuring that funding can be delivered with adequate speed where are most needed. As a result, climate finance must be used catalytically and be intimately linked with governments' development priorities at the country-level. .
Most investments to reduce GHG emissions and adapt to climate change - 50 to 80 percent for mitigation and up to 100 percent for adaptation - take place at the sub-national and local levels. Developing the capacity of sub-national governments in low income countries to create conditions that reduce the perceived investments risks and access new sources of environmental finance is a key priority to scale up efforts to address climate change.
However, UNDP's research has shown that only a very small number of integrated climate policies and strategies exist at this level. The vast majority of climate action is limited to individual mitigation or adaptation projects with little transformational impact.
Recognizing the critical need to leverage these experiences and insert them into a comprehensive policy framework, UNDP and UNEP have formed a partnership with eight networks of regionsin October 2008to help sub-national governmental action to address the adverse impacts of climate change.
Set up in 2009, the UNDP Down to Earth: Territorial Approach to Climate Change (TACC)is the outcome of this partnership. It enables sub-national governments to better identify the optimum mix of regulatory and public financing instruments to attract catalytic financial flows toward low-emissions climate-resilient development.
To achieve such an economic transformation, low-emissions and climate resilient development strategies at the sub-national are established following a five-step process. UNDP ensures that proper methodologies and tools are being developed, provides its technical assistance and promotes collaborative action among sub-national governments:
Core components of the LECRDS include:
STEP 1: Partnership and coordination structures.
STEP 2: Climate change physical impact and vulnerability scenarios.
STEP 3: Prioritization of mitigation and adaptation options.
STEP 4: Initial assessment of policy and climate financing needs.
STEP 5: Low-emissions and climate-resilient ecosystems and development road map.
The funds needed to establish a sub-national low-carbon and climate resilient strategy reach an estimated 1 million USD, which is expected to leverage an estimated 30-50 million USD in public & private investments.
With the support of its partners, UNDP is implementing the TACC in several countries: Senegal, Uganda, Albania, Uruguay, Algeria, Colombia, Peru, Nigeria, and others.