Evaluation of UNDP Contribution to Anti-corruption and Addressing Drivers of Corruption
The evaluation found that while UNDP contributions have been important for enhancing anti-corruption policies and capacities. Their actual outcomes, however, have been dependent on broader governance capacities and evolving governance systems and processes, and inadequate judicial capacities in member countries, which have consequently limited the impact of anti-corruption initiatives. It found that while public administration drivers were addressed by UNDP, the thrust given to accountability and transparency issues was insufficient to generate the critical mass needed for transformations in overall governance for reducing corruption. The evaluation reaffirms that addressing governance, corruption and development linkages is critical for achieving development outcomes. A challenge to an explicit focus on anti-corruption in governance, as well as other development interventions, is a lack of national policy instruments to integrate anti-corruption dimensions into development initiatives. A similar limitation was evident in international cooperation. While bilateral donors were more vocal about corruption issues, they exercised more caution in funding explicit anti-corruption initiatives as part of development support.